Common Eye Problems and How to Prevent Them
One of the most important senses we have is our sight. With sight, you can navigate and understand the world in which you live. Eye problems arise from time to time, and vision problems begin to increase as we age. Thankfully, most eye problems that people experience can be prevented.
An eye inflammation, allergic conjunctivitis, is caused by a reaction to substances such as mold spores, dander, or pollen. These many allergy-causing elements produce a chemical called histamine that gets into the eyes. In turn, the blood vessels along the outer layer of the eye swell. The eyes become itchy, red, and watery. A few other symptoms include:
- Burning eyes
- Discharge from the eye
- Swelling of the eyelids
- Widened blood vessels in the outer layer
How to Prevent Allergic Conjunctivitis
Avoiding substances that trigger the symptoms is the best way to prevent allergic conjunctivitis. It is very important to keep your hands clean, especially if you touch your eye or any area around it. Do not share washcloths, pillowcases, or handkerchiefs with anyone, even family members. This also applies to cosmetics and eye drops, as allergic substances can be easily transferred.
The cause of dry eye is due to a lack of tears, which keep your eyes healthy, free of infection, and moist. A lack of tears may be from a lessening tear production or an increase in tear evaporation. Dry eye causes considerable eye discomfort and even impaired vision, usually in both eyes.
Symptoms of dry eye include:
- Stringy mucus in the eyes
- Sensitive to light
- Eye redness
- Scratchy eyes
- Blurry vision, eye fatigue, or watery eyes
- Difficult nighttime driving
How to Prevent Dry Eyes
If you are suffering from dry eye, be aware of the situations that are causing your symptoms and avoid them if possible.
Oftentimes, you can avoid dry eye by following these steps:
- Do not let air blow in your eyes, which are common with car heaters, air conditioners, fans, or hair dryers.
- Keep a good percentage of moisture in your home.
- Wear sunglasses or protective eyewear to block wind and dry air.
- Position your computer screen below eye level. If it is above eye level, you tend to open your eyes wider to view the screen. Keeping your eyes less open will help slow the evaporation of tears between blinks.
- Do not smoke and avoid smoke altogether if possible. Your healthcare doctor can help you find a plan to stop smoking that works best for you.
Glaucoma is a set of diseases that damage the eye’s optic nerve. It can result in vision loss or even blindness. With early detection and quick treatment, you can protect your eyes against vision loss. Glaucoma is likely to be hereditary, but it can also result from diabetes, lack of exercise, and eye injuries.
Symptoms of glaucoma include:
- Tunnel vision
- Eye pain
- Blurry vision
- Bad Headaches
- Eye Redness
How to Prevent Glaucoma
There are some cases of glaucoma that cannot be prevented, but there are steps to take that may prevent your glaucoma from getting worse. It is most effective when treated early. Research shows the best preventive step for glaucoma is to get frequent eye screenings, and eye care.
Exercising regularly helps to prevent glaucoma, and reduces eye pressure. Wearing protective eye gear when playing sports or working with power tools can help prevent injury to your eyes.